Copyright Information


The illegal reproduction of copyrighted materials is a serious crime. Educators, within reason, are given a fairly broad brush with which to paint their educational needs. Printing Services is not the copyright police. The following guidelines are reproduced from the United States Copyright Office website

Administrative Procedure No. 3715

 And should be reviewed by all staff requesting the reproduction of published materials. Printing Services will turn back (as possible) any printing request that appears to be in violation of the doctrine of Educational Fair Use as presented in the following guidelines.


 I. Single Copying for Teacher

A. A single copy may be made of any of the following by a teacher at his or her
    individual request for His or her scholarly research.            

     a. A chapter from a book

            b. An article from a periodical or newspaper

            c. A short story, short essay or short poem, whether or not from a
               Collective work

            d. A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book,
                Periodical or newspaper

 II. Multiple Copies for Classroom Use


    B. Multiple copies (not to exceed in any event more than one copy per pupil in a
        Course) may be made by or for the teacher giving the course for classroom 
        Use or discussion, provided that:

            a. The copying meets the tests of brevity and spontaneity as defined
                Below; and

            b. Meets the cumulative effect test as defined below; and

            c. Each copy includes a notice of copyright Definitions



    C. (i) Poetry: (a) A complete poem if less than 250 words and if printed on not
        More than two pages or, (b) from a longer poem, and excerpt of not more
        Than 250 words.

    D. (ii) Prose: (a) either a complete article, story or essay of less than 2,500
        Words or (b) an excerpt from any prose work of not more than 1,000
        Words or 10% of the work, whichever is less, but in any event of
        Minimum of 500 words.

       [Each of the numerical limits stated in "i" and "ii" above may be expanded to
        permit the completion of an unfinished line of a poem or of an unfinished
        prose paragraph.]


    E. (iii) Illustration: One chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture per
        book or per periodical issue.


    F. (IV) "Special" works: Certain works in poetry, prose or in "poetic prose" which
       Often combine language with illustrations and which are intended sometimes 
       For children and at other times for a more general audience fall short of 2,500
       Works in their entirety. Paragraph "ii" above notwithstanding such "special
       Works" may not be reproduced in their entirety; however, and excerpt 
       Comprising not more than two of the published pages of such
       special work and Containing not more than 10% of the words found in the
       text thereof, may Be reproduced.


    G. (i) the copying at the instance and inspiration of the individual teacher, and

    H. (ii) not more than one short poem, article, story, essay or two excerpts may
        Be copied from the same author, nor more than three from the same
        collective Work or periodical volume during one class term.

    I. (iii) there shall not be more than nine instances of such multiple copying for
        One course during one class term.

    [The limitations stated in "ii" and "iii" above shall not apply to current news
    Periodicals and newspapers and current news sections of other periodicals.]

    III. Prohibitions as to I and II Above Notwithstanding any of the above, the
         following shall be prohibited:


    J. Copying shall not be used to create or to replace or substitute for anthologies,
        Compilations or collective works. Such replacement or substitution may
        occur Whether copies of various works or excerpts there from
        are accumulated or Reproduced and used separately. 

    K. There shall be no copying of or from works intended to be "consumable" in 
        The course of study or of teaching. These include workbooks, exercises, 
        Standardized tests and test booklets and answer sheets.  

    L. Copying shall not:

            A. substitute for the purchase of books, publishers' reprints or periodicals;

            B. is directed by higher authority;

            C. be repeated with respect to the same item by the same teacher from 
                Term to term.


    M. No charge shall be made to the student beyond the actual cost of the



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